Bishop - One who defends his life isn’t guilty of murder even if he is forced to deal a lethal blow!
Catholic Bishop Joseph Bagobiri Fights 'Satanist-Driven Radical Islamic Organizations' - CNS News reported on October 6, 2014:
Catholic Catechism 2264 Love toward oneself remains a fundamental principle of morality. Therefore it is legitimate to insist on respect for one's own right to life. Someone who defends his life is not guilty of murder even if he is forced to deal his aggressor a lethal blow:
If a man in self-defense uses more than necessary violence, it will be unlawful: whereas if he repels force with moderation, his defense will be lawful. . . . Nor is it necessary for salvation that a man omit the act of moderate self-defense to avoid killing the other man, since one is bound to take more care of one's own life than of another's.
“Christians must do everything within their powers to protect their lives from being snuffed off by Satanist-driven Islamic organizations,” Bishop Joseph Bagobiri, the Roman Catholic head of Nigeria’s Kafanchan Diocese, said Sunday, according to Nigeria's Vanguard newspaper.
Bishop Bagobiri also noted, according to the Vanguard, that Christians have a "grave duty" to use “moderate and proportionate force” to defend their families against Islamic groups such as Boko Haram, which is responsible for the deaths of thousands of civilians since 2009.
Boko Haram became internationally known after it staged a mass kidnapping of more than 250 Nigerian schoolgirls in April. Only one has reportedly escaped in nearly five months.
Not fighting back is a “gross act of irresponsibility," the bishop said at a Sunday reception, pointing out that “Christian communities that observe absolute pacifism have all ceased to exist.”
Bishop Bagobiri invoked church teaching on “legitimate defense” in his remarks, noting that the Catechism of the Catholic Church describes it as an act of love towards oneself; and carried out out in defense of God’s gift to life, [of] which we are merely custodians. The theological authorities of the Church are emphatic: Love towards oneself remains a fundamental principle of morality.
“Therefore, it is legitimate to insist on respect for one’s own right to life. Someone who defends his life is not guilty of murder even if he is forced to deal his aggressor a lethal blow,” Bishop Bagobiri said.
"The Magisterium is further explicit on this subject matter when it teaches that ‘legitimate defense’ can not only be a right but [a] grave duty for one who is responsible for the lives of others,” the bishop emphasized. “The defense of the common good requires that an unjust aggressor be rendered unable to cause harm.
However, he continued,“it must be stated clearly here that in light of the above official church statement, that the exercise of self-defense...is [not] to be seen as an act of vengeance or vendetta."
Bishop Bagobiri's statement is part of the public outcry church leaders in Nigeria have made against Boko Haram’s persecution of Christians.
On Monday, the Nigerian Catholic Church released a statement: “As a church, we are really going through a severe moment of persecution,” particularly in the three Northeastern states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa."
The statement was signed by Rev. Fr. Gideon Obasogie, director of social communication for the Catholic Diocese of Maiduguri, who lamented the fact that “in the last few weeks our churches numbering 154 have been deserted.
“While our people perish, inaction, or rather slow action is what we get. Political activities in neighbouring communities are ongoing as though nothing is at stake,” Obasogie added.
In a September statement released to Vatican Radio, the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria (CBCN), complained that "as Nigeria tragically bleeds and burns,” the Nigerian government is not doing enough to stop Boko Haram.
"In the face of this Boko Haram group and other criminal militias arming themselves beyond our legitimate government, and brazenly killing innocent, defenseless citizens, our government must do more than it is currently doing to safeguard our lives and defend our nation,” they said while declaring a national all-night prayer vigil on Nov. 13th to ask for the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
“While Muslims are sometimes targets of these destructive attacks, Christians, churches and non-Muslims in general are the principal targets for extermination, expropriation and expulsion by the Boko Haram insurgents, the perpetrators of all these destructions,” they emphasized.
The Nigerian bishops added that they are “really alarmed at the scale of human and material destruction, and the disruption of village and community life with increased levels of hatred and potentials for more conflicts in the nation.”
Catholic Catechism Legitimate defense 2263 - 2267
2263 The legitimate defense of persons and societies is not an exception to the prohibition against the murder of the innocent that constitutes intentional killing. "The act of self-defense can have a double effect: the preservation of one's own life; and the killing of the aggressor. . . . The one is intended, the other is not."65
2264 Love toward oneself remains a fundamental principle of morality. Therefore it is legitimate to insist on respect for one's own right to life. Someone who defends his life is not guilty of murder even if he is forced to deal his aggressor a lethal blow:
If a man in self-defense uses more than necessary violence, it will be unlawful: whereas if he repels force with moderation, his defense will be lawful. . . . Nor is it necessary for salvation that a man omit the act of moderate self-defense to avoid killing the other man, since one is bound to take more care of one's own life than of another's.66
2265 Legitimate defense can be not only a right but a grave duty for one who is responsible for the lives of others. The defense of the common good requires that an unjust aggressor be rendered unable to cause harm. For this reason, those who legitimately hold authority also have the right to use arms to repel aggressors against the civil community entrusted to their responsibility.
2266 The efforts of the state to curb the spread of behavior harmful to people's rights and to the basic rules of civil society correspond to the requirement of safeguarding the common good. Legitimate public authority has the right and duty to inflict punishment proportionate to the gravity of the offense. Punishment has the primary aim of redressing the disorder introduced by the offense. When it is willingly accepted by the guilty party, it assumes the value of expiation. Punishment then, in addition to defending public order and protecting people's safety, has a medicinal purpose: as far as possible, it must contribute to the correction of the guilty party.67
2267 Assuming that the guilty party's identity and responsibility have been fully determined, the traditional teaching of the Church does not exclude recourse to the death penalty, if this is the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor.
If, however, non-lethal means are sufficient to defend and protect people's safety from the aggressor, authority will limit itself to such means, as these are more in keeping with the concrete conditions of the common good and more in conformity to the dignity of the human person.
Today, in fact, as a consequence of the possibilities which the state has for effectively preventing crime, by rendering one who has committed an offense incapable of doing harm - without definitely taking away from him the possibility of redeeming himself - the cases in which the execution of the offender is an absolute necessity "are very rare, if not practically nonexistent."68
*"Now, My child, you have been much concerned about My appearance in another country, Egypt. Yes, My child, you do not understand all. Saint Demyana is a Coptic Orthodox Church, My child, and I must say: though My heart grieves because they are not with Rome at this time, they will join in the future. But at this time the only thing that eases My heart is the knowledge that they have kept the Faith as they know it. In that Church, My child, the Coptics--which are few in Egypt--they are devout. They do not rush through the service of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, where My Son daily gives Himself to you. They are few in number but devout.
*"I must tell you, My child and My children, that they have suffered persecution throughout the years. I came there this time, My child, to try to draw together those about them who seek to persecute them: the Moslems, and others, the Arabs. This is going on throughout the world.” – Our Lady, May 17, 1986
*"The battle, My child, will accelerate very shortly for there will not only be a great war of weapons of mankind, but it will be known soon throughout the world as a religious war." - Our Lady of the Roses August 21, 1974
*"All who continue in the battle ahead must accept martyrdom. it does not, My child, necessarily mean death of your body, but it will mean persecution. Stand fast in the faith. Keep the faith in the hearts of those you love. Extend your charity of heart to all of your brother and sisters throughout the world. Pray a constant vigilance of prayer." - Our Lady of the Roses, October 2, 1974
Ezekiel 33:2-5 CEVDCI Sound a warning signal when the enemy is seen coming. If any of these people hear the signal and ignore it, they will be killed in battle. But it will be their own fault, because they could have escaped if they had paid attention!
Ezekiel 33:2-5 CEVDCI
2. Ezekiel, son of man, warn your people by saying: Someday, I, the Lord , may send an enemy to invade a country. And suppose its people choose someone to stand watch 3. And to sound a warning signal when the enemy is seen coming.
4-5. If any of these people hear the signal and ignore it, they will be killed in battle. But it will be their own fault, because they could have escaped if they had paid attention.
Nehemiah 4:13-14 - Fight for your relatives and children, your wives and homes! And don't be afraid of your enemies! The Lord is great and fearsome!
13. And so I sent people to guard the wall at its lowest places and where there were still holes in it. I placed them according to families, and they stood guard with swords and spears and with bows and arrows.
14. Then I looked things over and told the leaders, the officials, and the rest of the people! “Don't be afraid of your enemies! The Lord is great and fearsome. So think of him and fight for your relatives and children, your wives and homes!”
Nehemiah 4:13-14 CEVD
Joel 3: 9-11 & 13 Say to the nations: “Get ready for war! And ask the Lord to bring his warriors along. And Strengthen every weakling.
9. Say to the nations: “Get ready for war!
Be eager to fight. Line up for battle and prepare to attack.
10. Make swords out of plows and spears out of garden tools. Strengthen every weakling.”
11. Hurry, all you nations! Come quickly. Ask the Lord to bring his warriors along.
13. They are a field of ripe crops. Bring in the harvest! They are grapes piled high. Start trampling them now! If our enemy's sins were wine, every jar would overflow.
Joel 3:13 CEVDCI
Joel 3:9-11 CEVDCI
GEORGE WASHINGTON'S - ADDRESS TO THE CONTINENTAL ARMY BEFORE THE BATTLE OF LONG ISLAND - TUESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1776
The fate of unborn millions will now depend, under God, on the courage and conduct of this army. Our cruel and unrelenting enemy leaves us only the choice of brave resistance, or the most abject submission. We have, therefore, to resolve to conquer or die."
When Washington delivered this address, his soldiers could look out into New York Harbor and see the largest British expeditionary force in that nation's history until the First World War. With the United States having recently declared formal independence, the stakes for the Continental Army soldiers could hardly have been higher.